Fall means changing leaves, a nip in the air and, of course, pumpkins, but when the Halloween season ends, pumpkins aren’t drastically discounted like bulk bags of candy, so nearly all of them wind up in a landfill.
As it turns out, though, pumpkins make great feed for animals both domestic and wild. Not only are they a dietary change of pace, but it also turns out pumpkins provide entertainment, too.
MacDonald’s Ranch in northern Scottsdale creates a pumpkin patch each year, setting up scarecrows and bringing in about 100,000 pumpkins from farms in Wilcox and Mayer.
Although the majority of pumpkins are sold, the rest are donated to wildlife groups and fed to livestock on the ranch and other properties.
This isn’t the norm. In 2018, U.S. growers produced nearly 1.5 billion pounds of pumpkins, only one-fifth of which was processed into food, such as pie filling and dried seeds, according to NPR. The rest was tossed out.
Kylee Richardson, the office manager of MacDonald’s Ranch, said it’s important to recycle and lessen the riding stable’s environmental footprint.
Richardson said people don’t realize the waste with Halloween, but by feeding pumpkins to wildlife and livestock, it’s a win for everyone.
“Everyone gets to eat and, you know, we don’t feel like we’re being wasteful,” she said. “We donate a lot of them to the wildlife foundations around the Valley, a lot of people who own livestock will come buy them from us.”
Pumpkin eaters include javelina and the cattle on MacDonald’s Ranch, which covers 1,280 acres. The gourds give some variety to the cows’ usual diet of hay and save the ranch money.
But this also means pumpkins don’t end up in landfills where they decompose and release methane, a deadly greenhouse gas.
Ranch manager Mike Clark said if the pumpkins can be eaten, they should be.
“You don’t want anything someone else can eat to go to waste. There are animals who need it,” he said. “There are people who can use them. So, we make sure they don’t go to waste as much as we can.”
The pumpkins also get donated to such organizations as the Southwest Wildlife Conservation Center in Scottsdale, which give the pumpkins to bobcats and bears to play with and eat.
“They’re very buoyant,” Richardson said of the pumpkins. “So, they’ll play with them in the water, and it’s actually it’s really fun to see, and we donate a lot of them also to the (OdySea) aquarium down the road for the same reason, the animals eat them and play with them and it’s actually very entertaining to watch.”
MacDonald’s Ranch has transitioned to hosting parties, barbecues and trail rides. The ranch also uses old clothing for scarecrows and recycled lumber for structures.